VPN for Beginners Demystified: Discover the Best Picks for Your Online Security

Virtual Private Network (VPN) technology is a vital tool for ensuring online security and privacy. In today’s increasingly connected world, where personal data is vulnerable to hacking and surveillance, understanding the basics of VPNs has become essential for beginners seeking to protect their digital footprint. This guide aims to demystify VPNs by providing an objective and concise overview of their workings, benefits, and best picks for online security. Online security and privacy are paramount concerns in our digital age. With cyber threats on the rise, individuals must take proactive measures to safeguard their sensitive information from unauthorized access. A VPN offers a reliable solution by creating a secure connection between the user’s device and the internet. By encrypting all data transmitted through this connection, it ensures that any potential eavesdroppers or hackers cannot intercept or decipher confidential information.

Get the Best VPN for Beginner To Unlock a Secure Connection

Understanding how VPNs work is crucial in grasping their significance. When a user connects to the internet via a VPN, their data travels through an encrypted tunnel created by the VPN server. This encryption process adds an extra layer of protection against prying eyes, making it extremely difficult for anyone to intercept or decipher the transmitted data. Additionally, using a VPN allows users to mask their IP address, further enhancing anonymity online. By choosing from various available protocols and utilizing public Wi-Fi securely or engaging in streaming and torrenting activities while maintaining privacy, individuals can effectively safeguard themselves against potential threats lurking in cyberspace.

Understanding the Basics of VPN Technology

A virtual private network (VPN) is a service that provides users with a secure and private connection to the internet. It creates a secure encrypted tunnel between the user’s device and the VPN server, masking their online activities from prying eyes. The primary purpose of using a VPN is to enhance online security by protecting sensitive data such as passwords, financial transactions, and personal information from hackers or eavesdroppers.

A VPN Creates a Secure Tunnel Between the User and the Internet

To establish a VPN connection, the user’s device first connects to an internet service provider (ISP). However, instead of directly accessing websites or online services, the traffic is routed through the VPN server. This rerouting process ensures that all data sent and received between the user’s device and the internet passes through an encrypted tunnel, making it difficult for anyone to intercept or decipher. Additionally, when connected to a VPN service, the user’s IP address is replaced with one provided by the VPN server. This further enhances privacy by hiding their true location and identity.

Benefits of Using a VPN

Using a Virtual Private Network (VPN) offers several benefits, enhancing both your online security and overall internet experience.

Here are the key advantages:

Enhanced Security and Privacy

VPNs encrypt your internet traffic, making it difficult for hackers, government agencies, or other entities to intercept and decipher your data. This is especially crucial when using public Wi-Fi networks, where the risk of data interception is higher. VPNs mask your IP address, providing a level of anonymity. This helps protect your identity and makes it more challenging for websites and online services to track your online activities.

Access To Geo-Restricted Content

VPNs allow you to connect to servers in different locations, effectively masking your actual location. This enables you to bypass geographic restrictions imposed by websites, streaming services, or governments. For example, you can access content that might be restricted or unavailable in your region.

Choose a VPN With Many Server To Unlock Geo-Restricted Content

Secure Remote Access

For businesses, VPNs are essential for providing secure remote access to employees. Employees can connect to the company’s network from anywhere, ensuring that sensitive company data remains protected, even when accessed from external locations.

Protection of Public Wi-Fi

When connected to public Wi-Fi networks (such as those in coffee shops, airports, or hotels), your data is vulnerable to interception. A VPN encrypts your internet traffic, safeguarding your information from potential threats on unsecured networks.

Prevention of ISP Monitoring

Internet Service Providers (ISPs) can track your online activities. A VPN prevents ISPs from monitoring your browsing habits by encrypting the data you send and receive. This adds an extra layer of privacy to your online experience.

How Does a VPN Work?

When a user connects to a VPN server through a VPN app or software, their device creates an encrypted tunnel between the user’s device and the VPN server. This prevents anyone from intercepting or monitoring the data being transmitted. The VPN server acts as an intermediary between the user’s device and the internet. All internet traffic is routed through this server, which assigns the user a new IP address, effectively masking their true location. This provides anonymity and privacy online. Additionally, using different VPN servers located in various countries allows users to bypass geo-restrictions and access content that may be blocked in their region.

A VPN connection works by utilizing encryption protocols to ensure data confidentiality and integrity. The most commonly used encryption protocols are OpenVPN, IPSec, and SSL/TLS. These protocols establish a secure channel for communication between the user’s device and the VPN server. By encrypting data packets before they leave the user’s device, even if intercepted by third parties such as hackers or government surveillance agencies, it would be extremely difficult for them to decipher or manipulate the information.

Types of VPN Protocol

Different types of VPN protocols are used to establish secure connections and protect data transmitted over the internet. These protocols determine how the VPN client and server communicate with each other, ensuring that data is encrypted and securely transmitted.

There are several commonly used VPN protocols, they include:


This protocol is highly secure and flexible, making it one of the most popular choices among VPN providers. It uses the OpenSSL library for encryption and can be configured to run on various ports, making it harder for firewalls to detect.


Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol is an older protocol known for its simplicity and compatibility with a wide range of devices. However, it has known security vulnerabilities and should not be considered as secure as other options.


Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol combined with IPsec provides a more secure option than PPTP. It offers stronger encryption and authentication methods, making it suitable for users who prioritize security.


Secure Socket Tunneling Protocol is often favored by Windows users because it is integrated into the operating system. It uses SSL/TLS encryption to ensure secure communication between the client and server.


This relatively new protocol aims to provide better performance, simpler configuration, and improved security compared to traditional options like OpenVPN or IPsec. It utilizes state-of-the-art cryptography techniques while being lightweight in terms of code size.


When choosing a VPN provider, it’s crucial to consider which protocols they offer as different protocols may have varying levels of security or compatibility with your devices. Additionally, factors such as the location of their servers can also affect your browsing experience by impacting latency or providing access to geo-restricted content.

The Best VPNs for Beginners

Choosing a VPN (Virtual Private Network) can be a bit overwhelming, especially for beginners.

Here are some VPN services that are known for their user-friendly interfaces and good performance:

1. Express VPN


Express VPN is a widely recognized and reputable service provider known for its robust encryption protocols, global server network, and user-friendly interface. With Express VPN, beginners can rest assured that their online security is well-protected. Express VPN operates an extensive network of servers located in 105 countries worldwide, allowing users to connect to a server of their choice for enhanced privacy and access to geo-restricted content.

ExpressVPN utilizes industry-standard security protocols to ensure the privacy and security of user data. The primary protocols employed by ExpressVPN are OpenVPN, IKEv2/IPsec, and L2TP/IPsec. OpenVPN is widely regarded as one of the most secure and versatile protocols, providing a robust combination of speed and security. IKEv2/IPsec is another strong option, known for its stability and quick reconnection in case of network interruptions. Additionally, L2TP/IPsec is included for compatibility with older devices. ExpressVPN employs AES-256 encryption, a military-grade standard, to safeguard data integrity and confidentiality. The use of these advanced protocols and encryption standards ensures a secure and private online experience for ExpressVPN users.

When it comes to choosing a VPN for beginners, Express VPN stands out with its intuitive interface that simplifies the setup process and makes it easy for users to navigate the application. This user-friendly design ensures that even those new to VPNs can easily understand how to use the service effectively. Furthermore, Express VPN offers 24/7 customer support through live chat or email, assisting whenever needed. Overall, Express VPN is an excellent choice for beginners seeking reliable online security and accessibility.

Express VPN can connect to up to eight devices at the same time.

ExpressVPN Pricing

ExpressVPN offers three pricing plans:

  • 12-month at $6.67/month
  • Six-month at $9.99/month
  • One month at $12.95/month
ExpressVPN offers a seven-day trial and a 30-day money-back guarantee.

2. Nord VPN

nord vpn logo

Nord VPN, a well-established service provider in the field of internet privacy and accessibility, offers a range of features that cater to users’ diverse needs. As one of the leading VPN picks for beginners, Nord VPN focuses on providing online security through its encrypted network. By using Nord VPN, users can ensure their data is protected from hackers and surveillance agencies who may try to intercept their online activities. This level of security is especially crucial for those who frequently connect to public Wi-Fi networks, as these networks are often vulnerable to cyber attacks.

NordVPN employs various security protocols, including OpenVPN, WireGuard, and IKEv2/IPsec, to ensure encrypted and secure communication between the user’s device and the VPN server. These protocols enhance data confidentiality, integrity, and authentication, contributing to a robust and private online browsing experience for NordVPN users.

In addition to its emphasis on online security, Nord VPN also offers features that enhance user’s browsing experience. For instance, it provides access to geo-restricted content by bypassing regional limitations imposed by streaming platforms or governments. With over 5000 servers located in 60 countries around the world, users can enjoy unrestricted access to websites and services that may be otherwise blocked in their location. Furthermore, Nord VPN does not compromise connection speeds; it ensures fast and stable connections so that users can stream videos or engage in online gaming without any interruptions.

Nord VPN offers six simultaneous device connections.

Nord VPN Pricing

Nord VPN offers three subscription categories, each with different plans:

A. Standard:

  • Monthly plan at $12.99/month
  • 1-Year plan at $4.99/month or $59.88 first year
  • 2-Year Plan at $3.39/month or $81.36 first two years

B. Plus:

  • Monthly plan at $13.99/month
  • 1-Year plan at $5.99/month or $71.88 first year
  • 2-Year plan at $4.39/month or $105.36 first two years

C. Complete:

  • Monthly plan at $14.99
  • 1-Year plan at $6.99 or $83.88 first year
  • 2-Year plan at $5.39 or $129.36 first two years

3. Surfshark VPN

Surfshark VPN is often regarded as one of the best picks for those looking to enhance their online security. Surfshark VPN offers several key features that contribute to its appeal among both beginners and advanced users. Firstly, it boasts a wide network of servers spread across numerous countries worldwide, allowing users to bypass geographical restrictions and access content from any part of the globe. Additionally, this VPN employs robust encryption protocols such as OpenVPN and IKEv2/IPSec to ensure secure data transmission over the internet. Furthermore, Surfshark VPN offers unlimited simultaneous connections on multiple devices, enabling users to protect their online activities across various platforms simultaneously.

When it comes to demystifying the world of VPNs for beginners and identifying the best picks for online security, Surfshark VPN stands out as an excellent choice. Its user-friendly interface coupled with its extensive server network and strong encryption protocols make it a reliable option for safeguarding your online privacy and anonymity. By incorporating Surfshark VPN into your digital routine, you can enjoy enhanced security while browsing or accessing content online without compromising on speed or convenience.

Surfshark Pricing

Surfshark has three pricing plans:

  • Surfshark Starter at $2.19 or $59.13 for the first 27 months
  • Surfshark One at $2.69 or $72.63 for the first 27 months
  • Surfshark One+ at $4.29 or $115.83 for the first 27 months

4. CyberGhost

cyberghost vpn

CyberGhost, another notable player in the virtual private network industry, offers a comprehensive range of features designed to enhance users’ online privacy and accessibility. As one of the best picks for beginners in the realm of VPNs, CyberGhost provides a user-friendly interface that is easy to navigate. With just a few clicks, users can connect to their preferred server locations and enjoy encrypted connections that protect their online activities from prying eyes.

CyberGhost utilizes a range of security protocols, such as OpenVPN, IKEv2, and WireGuard, to establish secure and encrypted connections for its users. These protocols are designed to safeguard data transmission, maintain user privacy, and ensure a secure online experience across various devices. Furthermore, CyberGhost operates a strict no-logs policy, meaning it does not store any information about users’ online activities or personal data.

CyberGhost allows you to connect to up to 7 devices at the same time.

CyberGhost Pricing

CyberGhost offers three pricing plans:

  • 1-Month at 12.99/month
  • 2 Years + 4 Months at $2.03/month or $56.94 for the first 2 years and yearly thereafter
  • 6 Months at $6.99/month or $41.94 every 6 months

5. IPVanish

ip vanish vpn

IPVanish offers a range of features that cater to users’ privacy and accessibility needs in the virtual private network (VPN) industry. As a VPN for beginners, IPVanish provides a simple and user-friendly interface, making it easy for new users to navigate and understand its functionalities. It ensures online security by encrypting internet traffic, thereby protecting sensitive information such as passwords and financial details from potential hackers or surveillance agencies. Additionally, IPVanish operates with a strict no-logs policy, meaning that it does not collect or store any user data. This commitment to privacy further enhances online security for users.

IPVanish employs a range of security protocols, including OpenVPN, IKEv2/IPsec, and IPsec, ensuring a diverse and robust set of options for users to establish secure and encrypted connections. These protocols enhance privacy and protect sensitive data during online activities, bolstering the overall security of the VPN service.

In terms of accessibility, IPVanish has an extensive server network: 2,000 spread across 75 cities worldwide. This allows users to bypass geographic restrictions and access content that may be blocked or limited in their region. Furthermore, IPVanish supports multiple devices and platforms including Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, and Fire TV. This cross-platform compatibility enables users to protect their online activities on different devices simultaneously.

IPVanish offers an unlimited number of device connections.

IPVanish Pricing

IPVanish has three pricing plans:

  • Monthly at 12.99/month
  • Yearly at $2.79/month or $33.48 for the first year
  • 2-Year at $2.19/month or $52.56 for the first 2 years
IPVanish has a seven-day free trial. Both yearly and two-year plans give a 30-day money-back guarantee.


Prices may differ from the ones shown as new plans and deals are launched on a regular basis. Please be sure to check the most current price on the official website.

VPNs for Streaming and Torrenting

When looking for a VPN service that caters to streaming and torrenting needs, individuals may find options that prioritize fast and reliable connections for uninterrupted online activities. Streaming services require a stable and high-speed internet connection to ensure smooth playback of videos or music. A VPN can help bypass geographical restrictions imposed by streaming platforms, allowing users to access content from different regions. Additionally, a VPN encrypts internet traffic, enhancing the security and privacy of users while they stream their favorite shows or movies. By masking the user’s IP address and encrypting data transfers, a VPN ensures that their online activities remain anonymous.

Similarly, when it comes to torrenting, a VPN is essential for both security and anonymity purposes. Torrenting involves sharing files through peer-to-peer networks, which can expose users’ IP addresses to potential surveillance or copyright monitoring agencies. By using a VPN for torrenting, individuals can hide their real IP addresses and route their internet traffic through secure servers located in various countries. This helps protect against potential legal issues that might arise from downloading copyrighted material without permission.

VPN for Gaming

Gaming enthusiasts often seek a reliable network solution that can optimize their online gaming experience and ensure smooth gameplay. VPNs for gaming have become increasingly popular, as they offer several advantages in terms of security and performance.

Here are four key benefits of using a VPN for gaming:

Improved Security

Online gaming exposes users to various security risks, such as DDoS attacks and hacking attempts. By using a VPN, gamers can encrypt their internet connection and protect their personal information from potential threats.

Reduced Latency

One of the biggest concerns for gamers is latency or lag, which can greatly affect gameplay. A good VPN provider offers servers strategically located around the world, allowing gamers to connect to the server closest to their game’s server location. This helps reduce ping times and minimize lag during gameplay.

Access to Geo-Restricted Content

Some games or game updates may be region-restricted due to licensing agreements or censorship laws. With a VPN, gamers can bypass these restrictions by connecting to servers in different regions, unlocking access to games or content that may not be available in their country.

Protection Against Bandwidth Throttling

Internet service providers (ISPs) have been known to throttle bandwidth for certain activities like streaming or online gaming, especially during peak hours. By using a VPN, gamers can hide their online activities from ISPs and prevent them from throttling their connection speed, ensuring a smoother gaming experience.

VPNs for Remote Work and Business

In today’s digital age, where remote work is becoming increasingly common, VPNs offer a reliable solution to ensure online security for both individuals and organizations. By encrypting internet traffic and creating a secure connection between the user’s device and the company’s network, VPNs prevent unauthorized access to sensitive data and protect against potential cyber threats.

For businesses, VPNs provide several benefits in terms of remote work and business operations. Firstly, they allow employees to securely connect to the company’s network from anywhere in the world, enabling them to work remotely without compromising on security. This flexibility enhances productivity by eliminating geographical barriers and allowing teams to collaborate effectively across different locations. Additionally, VPNs enable businesses to establish virtual private networks that can be accessed by authorized personnel only. This helps protect confidential information such as customer data or proprietary business strategies from falling into the wrong hands.

VPNs for Travelers

Travelers who frequently connect to public Wi-Fi networks can greatly benefit from using VPNs to ensure their online security and protect their sensitive information from potential cyber threats. Public Wi-Fi networks, such as those found in hotels, airports, and cafes, are often unsecured and vulnerable to hackers. By using a VPN, travelers can create a secure connection between their devices and the internet. This encrypts all data transmitted over the network, making it nearly impossible for anyone else to intercept or access.

With a VPN, travelers can confidently use online services such as email, banking apps, and social media without worrying about their personal information being compromised.

VPNs and Data Encryption

One of the key features of VPN software is its ability to encrypt your data. When you establish a VPN connection, all the information transmitted between your device and the internet is encrypted. Encryption involves scrambling your data so that it becomes unreadable to anyone who intercepts it. This ensures that even if someone manages to access your data, they won’t be able to decipher or misuse it. The level of encryption provided by a VPN depends on various factors such as the protocol used and the strength of encryption algorithms employed.


To understand why VPN encryption is vital for online security, consider this scenario: imagine you’re connected to an unsecured public Wi-Fi network without using a secure VPN. Any information you transmit over this network, including passwords, credit card details, or personal messages, could be intercepted by malicious actors lurking on the same network.

However, when you use a secure VPN service with strong encryption protocols, all your internet traffic gets encrypted before leaving your device and remains protected throughout its journey across different servers until it reaches its destination. This means that even if someone manages to intercept your encrypted data while it’s in transit, they won’t be able to decipher its contents without having access to the decryption keys held only by authorized parties.

VPNs and IP Address Masking

IP address masking is an important feature provided by VPNs that ensures online privacy and anonymity. When a user connects to a VPN service, their internet traffic is routed through a remote server located in a different geographic location. This server then assigns the user a new IP address, effectively replacing their original IP address with one associated with the server’s location.

By doing so, the user’s true identity and location are concealed from websites, online services, and other third parties. By using IP address masking through VPNs, users can enjoy several benefits for their online security. Firstly, it helps protect against tracking by hiding the user’s true IP address. Websites and advertisers often track users’ activities based on their IP addresses to gather information about their browsing habits and preferences. With an anonymous IP address provided by a VPN service, this tracking becomes much more difficult if not impossible.

Additionally, IP address masking enhances security when accessing public Wi-Fi networks. Public Wi-Fi hotspots are notorious for being vulnerable to attacks as they lack proper encryption or authentication mechanisms. By using a VPN service that masks your IP address, all data transmitted between your device and the remote server is encrypted. This encryption ensures that even if someone manages to intercept your data on the network, they won’t be able to decipher its contents without the decryption key.

The Future of VPN Technology

Advancements in technology are shaping the future of secure online connectivity and revolutionizing the way individuals access and share information. As VPNs for beginners continue to be demystified, it is evident that the future of VPN technology holds great promise in enhancing online security.

With cyber threats becoming more sophisticated and widespread, VPNs are evolving to offer stronger encryption protocols, advanced authentication methods, and improved privacy features. One significant aspect of the future of VPN technology lies in its ability to adapt to emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and the Internet of Things (IoT). AI can play a crucial role in optimizing VPN performance by automatically adjusting encryption levels based on network traffic patterns and user behavior. The integration of VPNs with IoT devices can enable secure communication between connected devices while protecting users’ privacy. Moreover, advancements in cloud computing infrastructure will enhance the scalability and reliability of VPN services, enabling seamless connectivity across various devices and locations.

Another area where the future of VPN technology shows promise is in combating censorship and promoting internet freedom worldwide. Governments around the world are increasingly implementing strict internet regulations that limit access to certain websites or monitor online activities. In response, VPN providers are developing innovative solutions like obfuscated servers that can bypass censorship measures effectively. Additionally, decentralized VPN networks powered by blockchain technology are being explored as a means to ensure privacy without relying on centralized servers.

As we look ahead, it is clear that the future of VPN technology holds immense potential for improving online security for beginners and experienced users alike. With advancements in encryption protocols, integration with emerging technologies like AI and IoT, as well as innovative approaches to combat censorship, individuals can expect enhanced privacy protection when using a VPN for their online activities.

Premium vs Free VPN Services: Which One Is Better?

While free VPNs can provide basic online privacy and allow users to bypass some geographical restrictions, premium VPNs generally offer superior features, stronger security protocols, and faster connection speeds. Free VPNs often have limitations such as data caps, slower speeds, and fewer server locations, which can impact performance and user experience. Premium VPN services typically invest in advanced infrastructure, encryption methods, and customer support, making them a better choice for users who prioritize reliable and robust online protection. Ultimately, the choice between a free and premium VPN depends on individual needs, with premium options being more suitable for those seeking comprehensive security and performance.

Free VPNs Are Good But Are Less Reliable Compared To Premium VPNs

Factors To Consider When Choosing the Best VPN Service Provider

When selecting the best VPN service providers, consider the following factors:

Security and Encryption

Look for a VPN that employs strong encryption protocols (like AES-256) to ensure the privacy and security of your data. Additionally, check if the VPN has a no-logs policy, meaning it doesn’t store user activity.

Server Locations and Speed

The number and distribution of servers impact your connection speed and ability to access content from different regions. A VPN with servers strategically located around the world can provide better performance and help you bypass geographical restrictions.

Privacy and Logging Policies

Ensure the VPN provider has a strict privacy policy and does not log your online activities. A reputable VPN should prioritize user privacy and not collect or store sensitive information.

Device Compatibility and Simultaneous Connections

Verify that the VPN is compatible with the devices you use, such as computers, smartphones, and routers. Additionally, check the number of simultaneous connections allowed, as this determines how many devices can connect to the VPN under one account.

Customer Support and Reputation

A reliable VPN service should offer responsive customer support in case you encounter issues. Look for reviews and testimonials to gauge the provider’s reputation and reliability in delivering the promised service.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can a VPN Protect My Online Banking Transactions?

A VPN can protect online banking transactions by encrypting the data transmitted between your device and the banking website, making it difficult for unauthorized individuals to intercept and access your sensitive information.

Is It Legal To Use a VPN?

Using a VPN is generally legal in most countries, as it serves legitimate purposes such as enhancing online privacy and security. However, the legality can vary, and some countries may impose restrictions on VPN usage, especially if the service is employed for illegal activities. Users must be aware of and comply with the laws of their respective countries to ensure they are using VPNs within legal boundaries.

Can I Use a VPN on My Mobile Device?

Yes, VPNs can be used on mobile devices. They provide a secure connection by encrypting internet traffic and hiding the user’s IP address, ensuring privacy and protecting against potential threats when using public Wi-Fi networks.

Can a VPN Help Me Bypass Government Censorship?

Yes, a VPN can often help bypass government censorship by encrypting your internet connection and routing it through servers located in different countries. This process allows you to access blocked content and websites as the government’s filters perceive the connection as originating from the VPN server rather than your actual location. However, it’s essential to note that in some countries, governments actively block VPNs or monitor and restrict their usage, so the effectiveness of a VPN in bypassing censorship can vary depending on the specific circumstances and location.


Incorporating a reliable VPN into one’s online routine is an effective method of enhancing security and privacy. With its ability to encrypt internet traffic, mask IP addresses, provide secure connections on public Wi-Fi networks, unlock geo-restricted content for streaming enthusiasts, and ensure anonymity during torrenting, a VPN has become an indispensable tool in the digital age. As technology continues to advance and cyber threats persist, utilizing a VPN will remain crucial for safeguarding sensitive information and maintaining online privacy.

Damien Mather Damien is a cybersecurity professional and online privacy advocate with a bachelor of Computer Science. He has been in the industry for 20+ years and has seen the space evolve far bigger than he ever thought. When he is not buried in his research or going through code, he is probably out Surfing or Camping and enjoying the great outdoors. 
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